Do You Know Your Home Office Insurance Needs?

Do You Know your Home Office Insurance Needs?

 Your business is just started so that you may not even have an office and are working from home. It’s just you and your computer in your den or you and your tools in your garage.

What happens if something goes wrong in your home work area? What if someone steals your tools or your computer gets trashed in a base­ment flood or a fire?

You probably figure the damage will be covered by your home insurance. If you do, you might be in for a nasty surprise.


Home insurance contracts come with specific language that ex­empts your insurer from paying on claims that apply to the parts of your house that are used for a home-based business. Property insurers recognize that a lot of people work from home, so they offer supplementary insur­ance to cover your home for business uses. You might grumble over that, thinking it’s just another money grab on the part of the insurance indus­try. Maybe it is, but that’s tough. When you sign the insurance con­tract, you agree to the terms.


The situation is not academic. A few years ago, the Insurance Bureau of Canada conducted a study that found 39% of Canadians operating a small business out of their homes did not have business-specific insurance. I found this stat a little alarm­ing because I assumed this problem would have more new business purchase coverage. The relatively high percentage of uncovered home busi­nesses suggests that many people aren’t taking on business specific insurance, even after a home-based business has matured into a steady stream of income.


Once your business is up and running, you really should incorporate so you can separate your personal assets from business assets. You shouldn’t expose your personal property to the financial risks that will arise in your business. As you go through the incorpora­tion process, your advisors should be asking you about insurance. Some lenders, investors or a partner might require you to have business insurance in place as a condition of financing. You’re leaving yourself exposed if you think your personal home insurance will cover your business materials, because it probably doesn’t.


So far, I’ve only discussed property insurance, but this only scratches the surface. More sophisticate businesses need to consider professional liability protection, errors and omissions insurance, corporate officers and director or business interruption insurance. You might also want to consider benefit packages for employees and yourself.


Whether you buy any of the insurance I have mentioned is purely a business decision that boils down to your tolerance for risk and your contractual obligations with other parties. You might dismiss insurance as a luxury you can’t afford.


There are some basic forms of insurance you need to consider by law. A prime example is workers compensation. These programs are mandatory in Canada, although each province has its own rules on when you’re required to pay premiums. I single out workers comp for special mention, because sometimes people like to view workers as “independent contractors” who might be responsible for their own insurance arrangements. Be very careful about this some provinces have strict rules that prevent employers from using such arrangements as a means to avoid workers’ compensation liability.


The bottom line is that you have to understand your exposure to risk. Bigger businesses have bigger risks, so they’re in greater need of cover­age. I get that, and if your business is new, I can understand why you think insurance is not yet something you need. Do not make the mistake of thinking your home policy has you covered as you get your business off the ground.